Families First Coronavirus Response Act
Since the enactment of the Families First Coronavirus Response Act (FFCRA) on March 18, new information and guidance have been released every few days. We have summarized what we believe to be the most relevant further information below.
Required FFCRA Poster
The Department of Labor (DOL) has released a mandatory employee rights poster for the FFCRA. It should be posted or distributed to employees electronically (via email or online portal) by April 1.
Enforcement of FFCRA
The DOL will not bring enforcement actions against employers for violations of the FFCRA prior to April 17, 2020, provided that the employer has made reasonable, good faith efforts to comply with the Act. You can read more about the brief non-enforcement period here.
New Guidance from the DOL on Administering FFCRA Leaves
We strongly suggest that employers read through the entire Question and Answers document before Wednesday so they have an understanding of how the leaves work. The following are some highlights from the updated guidance:
- These leaves are not available to employees with reduced hours, furloughed employees, or employees whose workplaces are closed. See questions 23-28.
- These leaves are not available to employees whose workplaces are closed due to federal, state, or local shelter-in-place or stay-at-home orders or due to business slowdowns. See question 23.
- These leaves (and payroll tax credit) are not retroactive. Employees are not entitled to pay under these leaves if they were absent or out of work (for any reason) prior to April 1. See question 13.
- Both Emergency Paid Sick Leave (EPSL) and Emergency Family and Medical Leave (EFMLA) can be taken on an intermittent basis in certain situations. See Questions 20-22 for explanations about when intermittent leave is allowed.
- Employees may not be required to use other forms of paid leave before or concurrently with EPSL or EFMLA. See questions 32 and 33.
- Employers should keep documentation to show that employees who received leave were actually in need of it. The documentation requirements will be outlined in soon-to-be-released IRS guidance. See Questions 15 and 16.
Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security Act (CARES Act)
On Friday, March 27, the President signed the Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security Act (CARES Act). The new law is a $2 trillion economic stimulus package designed to repair the economic damage caused by COVID-19 and provide additional protection to individuals and businesses who may lose income due to the pandemic. While most of the act pertains to direct payments and loans, some sections affect employers.
Providing Alternatives to Closure and Layoffs
The CARES Act gives employers the following options and benefits, which may allow them to stay open and keep more people employed:
- Small businesses may be eligible for emergency grants of up to $10,000 to cover immediate operating costs.
- The Small Business Administration (SBA) may provide loans of up to $10 million per business; any portion of that spent to pay employees, keep workers on the payroll, or pay for rent, mortgages, or existing debt could be forgiven, provided workers remain employed through the end of June.
- Small businesses with existing SBA loans may have up to six months of payments waived.
- Businesses who have experienced a decline in gross receipts of 50% compared to the same quarter of 2019 or who have been fully or partially shut down by order may be eligible to receive a refundable tax credit for 50% of qualified wages up to $10,000 per employee. This is unrelated to the dollar-for-dollar payroll tax credit which may be taken for FFCRA leaves.
- Businesses may defer payment of employer payroll taxes imposed between enacting this law and December 31, 2020, with half of the deferred taxes due by December 31, 2021, and the rest due by December 31, 2022. This is unrelated to the dollar-for-dollar payroll tax credit which may be taken for FFCRA leaves.
Follow the IRS Coronavirus Tax Relief page and the SBA Coronavirus Loan Resources page for the most current information. Detailed guidance on how to access these financial resources should be coming soon from those sources.
Impact on Unemployment Insurance
The act expands unemployment benefits by 13 weeks and adds $600 to the weekly amount an individual would usually receive. While these unemployment benefits are generous, employers should still consider their options and incentives under the CARES Act mentioned above before making decisions about reduced hours, furloughs, or layoffs.